Nature-based solutions business models


The aim is to demonstrate how some nature-based solutions (NBS) can develop into replicable, partly or fully self-sustaining businesses, so that proGIreg continues to provide sustainable benefits to society, also beyond the project.

To do so, it is necessary to identify and understand possible bottlenecks for nature-based solutions when entering the market. Based on information from key proGIreg stakeholders gained via questionnaires, as well as information from cities external to the project, proGIreg will create a series of reports dedicated to the technological and non-technological barriers to implementation of nature-based solutions, both within the project and beyond.

A business model catalogue will present the economic and societal benefits of nature-based solutions and how they can be transformed into partly or fully self-sustaining businesses.

Standardized questionnaire on technological and non-technological barriers (D5.1)

The standardized questionnaire enquires non-technological (institutional, social/cultural, financial/market) and technological barriers when planning, implementing and maintaining NBS. 


Report on technological barriers (D5.2)

This report explores technological barriers encountered when planning, implementing and maintaining NbS. The report gathers information from the questionnaire D5.1 and analyses there results, differentiating the technological barriers between NbS.


Report on non-technological barriers (D5.3)

This report explores the non-technological barriers encountered when planning, implementing and maintaining NbS. The reports robust analysis is based on the proGIreg cities experiences with the NbS process and the report provides suggestions for successful NbS implementation and upscaling.


Report on non-technological barriers beyond the project (D5.4)

This report expands analysis done in the project on the barriers that proGIreg cities encounter in the implementation of NbS, with more comprehensive literature review and experiences from external cities. Further the document presents analysis on implemented solutions to overcome barriers.


Collective scheme / report of technological and non-technological barriers (D5.5)

This report bundles the proGIreg project’s findings on barriers and solutions applied to overcome barriers when planning, implementing, and maintaining NBS. Based on the previous four Deliverables of WP5,  the findings and discussions are built on two rounds of empirical research.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 innovation action programme under grant agreement no. 776528. The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the proGIreg project and in no way reflects the views of the European Union.