Nature-based solutions business models


The aim was to demonstrate how some nature-based solutions (NBS) can develop into replicable, partly or fully self-sustaining businesses, so that proGIreg continues to provide sustainable benefits to society, also beyond the project. To do so, it was necessary to identify and understand possible bottlenecks for nature-based solutions when entering the market. Based on information from key proGIreg stakeholders gained via questionnaires, as well as information from cities external to the project, proGIreg created a series of reports dedicated to the technological and non-technological barriers to implementation of nature-based solutions, both within the project and beyond.

A business model catalogue presents the economic and societal benefits of nature-based solutions and how they can be transformed into partly or fully self-sustaining businesses.

Access the interactive Business Model Catalogue

The findings of WP5 have been compiled into this interactive format that allows for different paths to approach and explore the content. The format is offline capable. To use this document offline, download the file by right clicking the link below and choosing „save link target“. This is an HTML file that can be opened by any web browser. A brief documentation on how to use it can be found in the file.


Business Model Catalogue (140 MB)
Business model catalogue report (D5.6)

The Nature Based Solutions Business Model Canvas (NBS BMC) consists of 14 building blocks and allows to holistically capture the business models of NBS implementations. The resulting business model catalogue highlights market opportunities for business-oriented stakeholders, public-private partnerships and social entrepreneurship models.


Standardized questionnaire on technological and non-technological barriers (D5.1)

The standardized questionnaire enquires non-technological (institutional, social/cultural, financial/market) and technological barriers when planning, implementing and maintaining NBS. 


Report on technological barriers (D5.2)

This report explores technological barriers encountered when planning, implementing and maintaining NbS. The report gathers information from the questionnaire D5.1 and analyses there results, differentiating the technological barriers between NbS.


Report on non-technological barriers (D5.3)

This report explores the non-technological barriers encountered when planning, implementing and maintaining NbS. The reports robust analysis is based on the proGIreg cities experiences with the NbS process and the report provides suggestions for successful NbS implementation and upscaling.


Report on non-technological barriers beyond the project (D5.4)

This report expands analysis done in the project on the barriers that proGIreg cities encounter in the implementation of NbS, with more comprehensive literature review and experiences from external cities. Further the document presents analysis on implemented solutions to overcome barriers.


Collective scheme / report of technological and non-technological barriers (D5.5)

This report bundles the proGIreg project’s findings on barriers and solutions applied to overcome barriers when planning, implementing, and maintaining NBS. Based on the previous four Deliverables of WP5,  the findings and discussions are built on two rounds of empirical research.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 innovation action programme under grant agreement no. 776528. The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the proGIreg project and in no way reflects the views of the European Union.